Bordetella Vaccine for Dogs

The bordetella vaccine may be administered to dogs to prevent certain respiratory infections including the kennel cough. The vaccine is not compulsory, but may prevent a series of symptoms and problems in canines. The vaccine can be administered along with other vaccines, as it will require several doses, which will train the dog’s immune system. There are some controversies regarding the benefits of the vaccine and some people claim that the vaccines can have many negative effects.

Respiratory Infections and the Kennel Cough

Many respiratory infections are caused by bacteria. The kennel cough or Bordetella bronchiseptica is the most common bacterial infection in canines. The condition manifests through dry coughing, which may take up to 4 weeks to clear. The condition can be treated with antibiotics and is very rarely fatal. However, given that the condition lasts several weeks and the symptoms may be threatening, it may be best if a Bordetella vaccine is administered to prevent the infection altogether. Dogs are constantly exposed to the Bordetella bronchiseptica infection, especially in shelters or other areas with several dogs. The infection is highly contagious and may be contracted through air or direct contact with an infected dog or saliva.

The Bordetella Vaccine for Dogs

The Bordetella vaccine is recommended in pets that are likely to spend time in the company of other dogs in daycares, shelters or even during training classes. An infected dog can easily spread the infection during a training class. For this reason, many training companies will ask for proof of vaccination and will not accept dogs that don’t have all vaccines to date, including the Bordetella vaccine. Show dogs also require this vaccine, as during shows, the dog can be in contact with several other dogs and may catch the infection.

The Bordetella vaccine is administered together with the other core vaccines and it may take up to 7 days before the vaccine will be effective, so make sure you plan ahead if you intend to take part in shows or take your pet to a daycare.

How the Bordetella Vaccine Is Administered

The vaccine can be administered in the form of drops, which are inserted into the nose. Another option is to administer the vaccine through an injection. The disadvantages of the shot include the fact that boosters will be required for up to 1 month after the initial vaccination, in order to train the dog’s immune system. The vaccination can be effective for up to 1 year and the dog needs to be vaccinated again.

Vaccination Side Effects

The Bordetella vaccine may have a number of side effects such as:

  • Sneezing, immediately after the nose drops are administered
  • Nasal discharges
  • Swelling of the injection site
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea

In rare cases, the dog may get infected with the kennel cough, as the vaccination involves introducing a mild version of the bacteria causing the cough.

Bordetella Vaccine Controversy

Some people will claim that the Bordetella vaccine is not necessary and the vaccines may cause cancer and weaken the dog’s natural defense mechanism.