Canine Kidney Failure

Canine kidney failure is a condition in which a dog's kidneys no longer function properly. Kidney failure can happen suddenly or develop over a period of time.

Canine Kidney Failure Explained

When a dog's kidneys malfunction, they lose their ability to rid the bloodstream of waste and regulate electrolyte levels in the body. Dog breeds that commonly experience kidney failure include Shar-Pei, Shih Tzu, Poodles, Lhasa Apso, Cocker Spaniels and Doberman Pinschers.

When a dog has acute kidney failure, the kidneys suddenly stop working; the dog could die as a result. When this happens, urine production in a dog ceases and the blood contains toxins that are not eliminated. Other problems that can arise as a result include heart failure and high blood pressure. If a dog is no longer able to urinate, he will die.

Chronic kidney failure is when the kidneys slowly stop functioning over a period of time. The kidneys contain structures called glomeruli that filter waste out of a dog's blood. If the glomeruli are not able to filter out waste, it will build up with water. The toxins and water will be stored in a dog's bladder until they are eliminated through the urine. Over time, however, this process will cause damage to the kidneys.

Causes of Canine Kidney Failure

Making sure a dog is well-hydrated is one of the best ways to ensure he does not develop kidney failure. Water helps a dog flush toxins out of his system. An injury to the kid