Cat Seizure Management

Cat seizure is a symptom of a disease. The seizures can be triggered due to infections, toxic chemicals and epilepsy. Feline epilepsy can be either idiopathic or symptomatic. Idiopathic epilepsy is a condition with no known cause of seizures.

The treatment and management of cat seizure is based on the type of disease identified. During a seizure, cats will exhibit varying involuntary body movements. Seizures differ in intensity and pet owners should note all of the physical symptoms that occur during one. Cats that suffer from prolonged seizures or multiple seizures without any recovery in between need prompt medical help.

Management of Cat Seizures

If the seizure is caused due to a tumor or other underlying diseases, the seizures will subside after the principal cause is treated. Anticonvulsant therapy is the most common treatment option. Drugs like phenobarbital and diazepam effectively control cat seizures.

Phenobarbital acts as a sedative to the nerves in the brain. The dosage has to be altered to suit individual cat needs. Since each pet responds differently to the medication, periodic vet intervention is necessary.

Tips for Cat Owners

  • Learn to identify the symptoms of cat seizures and seek prompt medical help if the cat has more than one seizure in 24 hours.
  • Pets suffering from seizures should be fed balanced diets with mineral and vitamin supplements if necessary.
  • Consider checking treatment options with more than one vet, if the cat doesn't respond positively to initial medication.
  • Avoid panic and follow appropriate measures during a cat seizure.

Handling Cats During a Seizure

  • Remove any objects that may injure the cat. Keep furniture and sharp objects out of the way.
  • Time the duration of the seizure and note down all the physical symptoms involved.
  • Avoid inserting a spoon or your hand into the cat's mouth, as there is a risk of getting bitten.
  • Children should be kept away from the cat during a seizure.
  • Keep veterinary and animal emergency numbers at hand.
  • It's important to stay calm and speak to your pet in a reassuring tone once the seizure is over, as she may be dizzy or unstable.

The vet will conduct diagnostic tests that include neurological examinations and blood tests to detect underlying illnesses. Pets that suffer from seizures should be vaccinated and kept in an environment free from toxins and chemicals. Medications should be administered on time, according to vet instructions. Pet owners should also make note of the drugs and dosage administered.

Anticonvulsant Medication

Another known drug used to treat cat seizure is potassium bromide. It's often used in combination with phenobarbital, or when phenobarbital toxicity is present. Diazepam (Valium) is not an effective long term treatment for cat seizures. However, it may be administered intravenously to control a potentially dangerous seizure situation.

Dealing with a cat seizure can be a challenging experience for many pet owners. Timely medication and proper home care can reduce and control future seizures in pets.