6 Essential Cat Vitamins and Minerals

Cat vitamins are recommended for cats with vitamin deficiencies, but can be equally beneficial for healthy cats. Cat food often lacks the necessary vitamins and minerals; even if the label displays the healthiest ingredients, these are processed and during this process, essential vitamins and minerals are lost.

1.Water-Soluble Vitamins

The water-soluble vitamins are easily assimilated or eliminated through urine without harming the cat (however, too many particular vitamins may have become an issue with certain medical conditions or treatments). The B vitamins are water-soluble and your cat needs niacin, riboflavin or thiamine (vitamin B1). The B vitamins help to maintain a strong immune system. A deficiency in B vitamins may lead to vulnerability to illnesses, slow wound healing, general weakness or slow reflex function.

Vitamin C helps in the synthesis of collagen, which is an essential tissue in a cat's body. Other recommended water-soluble vitamins are folic acid, biotin or choline.

2. Fat-Soluble Vitamins

Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat-soluble vitamins. These vitamins are deposited in the fat tissues of the cat. If taken in excess, the fat-soluble vitamins may poison your pet. Always talk to your vet before giving your pet fat-soluble vitamins. However, vitamin A is always recommended as a supplement, because the cat's body cannot process the beta-carotene into vitamin A. A lack of vitamin A can cause skin and coat problems or night blindness.

3. Iron

Even if cats do not need minerals in a large quantity, iron deficiency can make your cat very weak. Illnesses or parasites can cause anemia in cats, so iron supplements are prescribed.

4. Calcium

Calcium is a substance that is highly recommended for pregnant and lactating cats. Calcium helps producing the kitten milk. However, a diet rich in calcium is good for your cat's overall health. Calcium is present in milk, eggs or bones, but may be administered through vitamin supplements.

5. Magnesium

Magnesium keeps the cat well-balanced and immune to certain diseases. Magnesium also facilitates the absorption of calcium. If you give your pet calcium supplements, make sure to include some magnesium too. Be cautious, as too much magnesium and calcium may cause vitamin deficiency and urinary tract infections in tom cats.

6. Potassium, Sodium and Chloride

Potassium, sodium and chloride: these are minerals that prevent dehydration in cats. An ill cat that has vomited needs to hydrate. Supplements of potassium, sodium and chloride are recommended.

The vitamins and minerals may be administrated through pills or capsules. If your cat doesn't want to swallow the pills, you can dissolve these in water or hide pills in the pet food. Liquid supplements are also available and it is easier to trick your cat into taking these.