Causes of Canine Blood in Urine

Canine blood in urine is a sign of an underlying illness in your pet. Often along with blood in the urine other symptoms such as frequent urination and difficulty urinating are present. A thorough physical exam along with a urine analysis will determine the cause of blood in the urine.

Causes of Canine Blood in Urine

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Bacterial infection in the kidney (Pyelonephritis)
  • Kidney stones
  • Prostrate inflammation (Prostatitis)
  • Bladder inflammation (Cystitis)
  • Internal injuries
  • Poisoning
  • Tests and Diagnosis
  • Physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • Urine sample test
  • X-ray and ultrasound
  • Laparotomy
  • Symptoms of Illness
  • Burning sensation that causes frequent urination
  • Mucus discharge along with urine
  • Lethargy
  • Lack of appetite
  • Visible pain

Treating the Cause of Blood in Urine

If you notice blood in your dog's urine, immediately take your dog to the vet to find out the cause. Kidney stones can be surgically removed if medication doesn't work. The vet will recommend a special diet for your dog. Make sure your dog drinks plenty of water. If the pet is suffering from tumors, surgical removal might be necessary. If infections are not too serious the vet might put the dog on a course of antibiotics. Prostate problems can be treated and often, castration brings relief. Some dog breeds such as Miniature schnauzers and Dalmatians have a higher risk of developing kidney stone than other breeds.

Dogs may also pass blood in their stool. The feces will appear blackish in color. A few drops of red blood can also be spotted. Some causes may be more serious than others. Known factors are:

  • Sharp bone swallowed by the dog
  • Parvo virus
  • Parasites
  • Irritable bowel disease
  • Anal sac infection

What to Do to Help Fix and Prevent Problems

  • Check the amount of blood that is passed.
  • Do not feed him bones or sharp objects that may cause internal damage.
  • Make sure your dog drinks plenty of water.
  • Control fleas and maintain hygienic surroundings.
  • Take him for regular vet health checks.
  • Administer routine vaccinations on time.
  • Give dogs a diet rich in vitamins and avoid foods that cause harm to their digestive tract.

The vet will conduct a few tests to determine the real cause of bloody stools. An analysis of feces can detect parasites, infection and digestive track disorders. Puppies tend to fall prey to parasites. Cancer is more common in older dogs. More tests are required if cancer is suspected. Treatment options for cancer vary and depend largely on how far the cancer has progressed. Antibiotics can treat bloody stools caused due to anal sac infection. Consider giving your dog specialized diets to help them recover. Diets high in fiber will help soothe the intestinal tract.

To improve your dog's overall health you should make exercise part of his routine and do not allow him to come in contact with other dogs who are diseased.