Cortef for Dogs

Cortef is an anti-inflammatory drug in the steroid family. Cortef is commonly used in treatment for various diseases and conditions. Cortef is a cortiocosteroid that should be given under the direction of your veterinarian.

Other Names for Cortef

Other names and brand names are Prednisone or Prednisolone, Delta-Cortef, Prednis-Tab, Meticorten, Solu-Delta-Cortef, Sterisol, Cortisate-20 and various generic preparations. These drugs are manufactured by various companies.

Why Cortef Is Prescribed

Cortef will reduce inflammation. Inflammation often causes swelling, pain and redness. This drug will reduce those symptoms and provide relief for those with muscle soreness or stiffness resulting from physical exertion, or diseases such as:

  • arthritis
  • bursitis
  • tendinitis
  • myositis

Allergic reactions to other drugs or allergenic agents may be treated with Cortef. Cortef is not used to treat infections, and testing should be done to ensure there is not underlying infections in pets taking Cortef. Although Cortef may ease stress and improve attitude of pets dealing with chronic infections, it can also mask symptoms of infections such as fever and redness. Without proper antibiotic treatment infection may spread and worsen.

Cortef is also prescribed in the treatment of adrenal failure in dogs. It is also used in cases of shock resulting from an injury or surgery. It is used as a support drug in the treatment of:

  • exhaustion
  • rattlesnake bite
  • toxemia
  • inflammatory ocular conditions

Cortef Dosage

Cortef is most often given in intravenous or intramuscular form. Dosage depends on the animal’s body weight. It may be given in an IV for more serious needs. Injections can be given every twelve to forty eight hours for inflammation due to allergies or temporary conditions. For more prolonged conditions such as arthritis, you may be prescribed injections to give your dog, or your may have to visit the vet often for injections. Oral Prednisone if often prescribed for ongoing effects. Dosage is to be decreased gradually until no medications are needed. If the dog is taken off long term meds too quickly, serious complications can occur.

Dogs are given 2 ½ to 5 Milligrams of medication per one pound of body weight.

Side Effects and Precautions for Using Cortef

If given at maximum doses, Cortef can suppress the immune system and make dogs susceptible to other illness and disease. Some dogs may be allergic to Cortef and other steroids. The drug can cause early labor in pregnant dogs and may cause birth defects in unborn puppies.

While Cortef is generally a safe drug, a few patients have experienced more serious side effects such as:

  • loss of appetite
  • vomiting
  • panting
  • stomach ulcers
  • diarrhea

Long term use can cause hair loss, muscle weakening, liver impairment and behavioral changes.

As with other cortiocosteroid drugs, Cortef should always be administered under the direction of a certified veterinarian. Cortef may interact with other drugs the dog may be taking. Drugs should be given as directed by the vet. Observe the dog closely for changes in behavior and appetite.