Dog Allergies and Eye Problems: Diagnosis and Treatment

Dog allergies can be complicated by eye problems and infections.This is common with allergic reactions to environmental triggers such as mold, dust, pollen and grass. When the allergen works its way into the dog's eye, it may cause redness, itching and swelling and eventually an infection.

Here are two common eye problems due to dog allergies:


Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the eyes. Blood flow is increased to the eye causing redness. Clear or mucous discharge may appear depending on the severity of the infection.

Conjunctivitis is normally treated with antibiotic medications, oral or drops, administered several times a day. Medication for allergies may also be given.

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca

Dry eye, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, occurs when the dog’s eyes don't produce enough tears. Several factors may cause this including allergies. If this condition becomes chronic, it could lead to vision loss.

Treatment for keratoconjunctivitis sicca consists of eye drops which are formulated to resemble the composition of natural tears, anti-inflammatory drops, oral anti-inflammatory medication, tear stimulants and allergy medication.

If you are aware of what triggers your dog's allergies, you will be in a better position to prevent such occurrences above.