Feline Insulin Management With PZI

Feline insulin is used to treat diabetes in cats. PZI (protamine zinc insulin) is insulin that also contains protamine and zinc. Insulin most commonly used in animals is derived from pork or beef. PZI veterinary insulin is both intermediate acting and long acting insulin. It slowly releases insulin into the tissues of the body. Diabetes mellitus is an endocrine disorder in cats that is caused by two factors or two known types.

Types of Diabetes Mellitus

  • Type 1 diabetes caused by insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas.
  • Type 2 diabetes caused by improper response of the body's cells to insulin.

If diabetes is left untreated it can cause metabolic changes. Cats suffering from diabetes exhibit certain symptoms.

Symptoms of Cat Diabetes Include:

  • Polyuria or excessive urination
  • Polydipsia or excessive thirst
  • Glucosuria (sugar in the urine)
  • Weight loss

Apart from these symptoms, cats with more advanced diabetes exhibit poor skin and hair. They are also more susceptible to bacterial infections in the body.

After evaluation of your cat's blood glucose values, the vet will determine the appropriate insulin dosage for your cat. PZI is available in three dosages of U40, U50 AND U100. Each pet responds differently to insulin treatment. During the initial treatment with PZI, your cat's blood glucose level will be monitored to determine the ideal dosage. As bovine or beef insulin is very similar in molecular structure to cat's insulin, PZI is beneficial to cats suffering from diabetes.

Available Forms of PZI

PZI is available from pharmacists. However, there is a risk of contamination as the pharmacists mix insulin from other sources with PZI. 100 percent beef PZI imported from the UK.

Treatment of Diabetes with PZI

The vials of insulin contain dosage amounts of crystalline insulin in diluents. The insulin varies in strength and syringes are available for use with specific strengths. Some cats suffering from diabetes show high fluctuations in blood glucose levels. Due to this, the quantity of insulin administered to your pet needs to be closely monitored as the blood glucose levels shouldn't be dangerously high or low. Insulin injections should be administered on time. The appropriate time for insulin medication depends on the insulin duration for cats.

Along with PZI, dietary changes are mandatory. Diets low in carbohydrates and high in protein and fiber respond well to diabetes. Commercially available low carb diets may be effective in diabetic cats. It's also necessary to check cat food labels to detect the calorie content.

Obese cats are likely to suffer from insulin resistance. Weight loss should be accomplished to attain lower blood glucose levels. However, the weight loss should be gradual. Consider low fat or restricted diets. Commercially available dry cat food may actually be higher in carbohydrates than wet food. Before the vet prescribes any medication to control diabetes in your cat, diagnostic tests will be conducted to rule out other diseases such as hyperthyroidism.

Your pet may be able to live for many years if you closely monitor the diabetes and conduct routine vet checks. Proper medication and diet is essential for cats suffering from diabetes.