Administering First Aid for Dogs in Shock

Stay calm and alert when administering first aid for dogs. A dog that is injured or in shock may not recognize you or may bite you out of fear or pain. To prevent this, a muzzle can be used, but not if the dog is having any difficulty breathing or is panting a lot. The muzzle must be removed if there is any indication of overheating or potential vomiting.

How to Stop Bleeding

If the dog is bleeding, apply direct pressure to the wound with either a clean cloth or bandage or with your hand. If that doesn't stop it, apply more cloths or bandages, but do not remove the first bandage; maintain pressure, and call for help if you need it.

Abrasions Can Lead to an Infection

Abrasions are usually minor. There can be some bleeding and the concern is infection. Remove any debris or foreign particles. Clean wound with liberal amounts of betadine solution, a saline solution or water. Wrap injury with a clean cloth or bandage and consult your vet.

Aid the Dog's Breathing

If a dog is having trouble breathing, remove his collar and check to see if air passage is clear. The blockage could be a foreign object, excessive mucous, or even the dog's own tongue. Sweep your finger through the dog's mouth or gently pull the tongue forward to dislodge blockage. Be careful not to get bitten. If the animal is not breathing but had been less than 60 seconds beforehand, artificial respiration can be administered. Make sure passageway is clear of obstructions, close its mouth, and place your mouth completely over its nose and exhale. You should see its chest expand. You may have to continue this until help arrives.