Prostate Infection in Dogs

A prostate infection is also known as prostatitis and may be due to an underlying condition that affects the prostate or other systems in the dog’s body. The prostate is a gland that is placed around the urethra and produces a liquid that is important for the ejaculation. The infection of the prostate will affect the urethra and make urination difficult and painful. The infection can be treated, but if there is an underlying condition, this has to be coped with to prevent the recurrence of the infection. 

Causes of a Prostate Infection

Dogs that are not neutered are typically less likely to be affected by a prostate infection. The causes of a prostate infection are most commonly bacterial and the infectious agents may come from a bladder infection or a urinary tract infection. However, there are also additional causes that lead to an infection of the prostate such as:

  • Cysts
  • Polyps
  • Tumors (benign or malignant) that affect the prostate gland
  • Prostatic hyperplasia
  • A hormonal imbalance
  • Side effects of certain drugs

Symptoms of a Prostate Infection

Due to the location of the prostate gland (i.e. surrounding the urethra and the intestines), the main symptoms of a prostate infection will include urination problems and constipation. The dog won’t be able to eliminate urine and feces properly, as the prostate is enlarged and will limit the size of the urethra and the intestines. Watch out for additional symptoms such as:

  • Bloody urine, which may also contain puss or have a changed consistency and color
  • Bloody feces and mucus in the feces
  • Penile discharges, which may contain blood
  • Straining to urinate and defecate
  • Elevated fever
  • Lack of appetite
  • Weight loss

Some dogs may not present any symptoms and the infection may only be detected during a routine checkup. However, the intensity of the symptoms will depend on the type and severity of the infection.

Diagnosing a Prostate Infection

Some blood tests can confirm that there is an infection in the dog’s body. Other required tests will include a urinalysis, x-rays and ultrasounds. A rectal exam is required to detect a prostate infection. The test will be performed under anesthesia, as the dog will not be cooperative otherwise.

Treatment Options for a Dog Prostate Infection

The treatment for a prostate infection will include oral antibiotics. These will get rid of infectious agents such as bacteria and viruses. However, if there is an underlying condition causing the infection, additional treatment will be needed. A surgery is performed if the dog has a polyp, a cyst or a tumor affecting the prostate gland. Neutering may also be needed in certain pets.

Due to the fact that neutered dogs are less likely to develop a prostate infection, neutering your dog may prevent these infections in the future. This procedure will also beneficial and will reduce the risks of a prostate tumor.