Toy Breed Hypoglycemia

Toy breed dogs are more exposed to developing several medical conditions including hypoglycemia. Toy breeds have become more popular, especially in families that live in smaller apartments. When getting such as dog, you should be aware of the potential health problems he may be predisposed to.

Toy Breeds and Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar may be caused by blood loss or other underlying medical conditions or certain drugs. However, in some toy dog breeds, the condition will be more likely to occur and is considered genetic. Breeds that are more likely to be affected by low blood pressure include:

  • Chihuahua
  • Maltese dogs
  • Pomeranian
  • Yorkies

Causes of Low Blood Sugar in Toy Breeds

The toy breeds that are more exposed to low blood sugar will have a hard time maintaining the blood glycemia at a normal level. This is caused by the fact that their weight is reduced and these dogs cannot store glucose as larger breeds. Toy breed dogs that are thin are more likely to develop hypotension.

However, if the dog is affected by certain underlying conditions such as hemorrhage the dog may also have a low blood pressure. Other possible caused of low glycemia may include:

  • Liver shunt
  • Stress
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Bacteria infections
  • Parasitic infections

Symptoms of Hypotension

Toy dog breeds that develop hypotension will present the following symptoms:

  • Lethargy
  • Paleness of gums
  • Diarrhea
  • Shaking and tremor, which is due to a low body temperature that often accompanies a low blood pressure
  • Sudden collapse
  • Confusion
  • Lack of coordination
  • Reduced pulse
  • Unconsciousness
  • Seizures and coma, in severe cases of low blood sugar

Diagnosing Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia may be diagnosed by performing a few blood tests and determining if the glycemia has normal values. The vet will also run other tests to see if the condition has caused other complications in the body.

Treating Hypoglycemia in Toy Breeds

You should be aware if your dog is prone to developing hypoglycemia. When you notice symptoms of low blood sugar, you need to act instantly and administer some sugar or honey to your pet. Administer 1 or half a tbsp of sugar/honey. If you see that your dog’s condition is not improving, administer another half tbsp of sugar. It may be a good idea to rub the sugar against the gums or place the sugar under the dog’s tongue, as this will facilitate the absorption of the sugar in the blood.

Preventing Hypoglycemia in Toy Breeds

You should make sure that your dog is warm at all times. You can increase the room temperature or give your pet a vest to wear. Make sure you feed him at least 3 times per day, ideally at the same hours, which will keep the blood sugar at a constant level. Small puppies may need even more feedings per day.