Treating Gingivitis in Cats with Triamcinolone

Triamcinolone, used in veterinary and human medicine both, is a potent glucocorticoid drug and a steroidal anti-inflammatory. It appears in a variety of medicines, the most common of which are Vetalog and Panalog. Although triamcinolone has a number of veterinary applications, vets frequently prescribe it as a treatment for gingivitis in cats. Continue reading for an overview of this drug as a treatment method for feline gum disease.

Overview of Triamcinolone

Triamcinolone works by reducing inflammation and sensitivity. It can help to reduce the symptoms of allergic reactions, arthritis and gingivitis, and it is also effective in reducing inflammation of the eyes, ears and other parts of the body. If your cat suffers from gingivitis, and the condition has not improved or lessened following your attempts at non-drug treatment, triamcinolone can help to treat the condition.

Prescription and Dosage

Triamcinolone is a prescription drug and is not available without first visiting a veterinarian. Once your veterinarian has diagnosed your pet with gingivitis, consult with him about the possibility of using triamcinolone as a treatment method.

The exact dosage and administration of the drug will depend upon your cat and his condition. Typically, oral doses are best at addressing feline gingivitis, although triamcinolone is available by injection or ointment as well. As with any other steroid drug treatment, it is important to keep your veterinarian informed of all developments during the process. Do not discontinue the treatment without first consulting with a vet, as this may cause serious side effects. Rather, if you notice anything unusual or believe that your cat is experiencing a negative reaction to the drug, take him to a veterinarian immediately for examination and evaluation of his treatment schedule.

Adverse Effects

Some of the most common side effects of triamcinolone include the following:

  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Lethargy
  • Depression and other mood changes

If your pet experiences side effects from this list, consult with your veterinarian immediately. In rare cases, your pet may experience more severe side effects. As with any other drug, it is important to respond to these situations immediately, as the reaction may be an allergic one.  Your veterinarian will need to know any other medicines that your cat has already taken before prescribing triamcinolone.

Triamcinolone is unique among steroids because the effects of the drug, either good or bad, tend to remain for days or even weeks after treatment stops. As such, it is very important to watch your cat closely during the entire triamcinolone treatment program. Do not discontinue the program immediately if your cat displays any negative reactions, but rather take him to a veterinarian right away with a report of the symptoms.

Triamcinolone is an excellent treatment method for feline gingivitis, but it is not appropriate for all cats. Whether or not you address your pet's gum disease with this steroid drug, it is always best to work with your veterinarian to prevent future conditions through good hygiene and other methods.