7 Types of Veterinary Specialists

There are a wide variety of different veterinary specialists. While a general veterinarian can be effective at treating most of the conditions encountered by animals, sometimes specialists need to be called in to handle more in-depth matters. Here are 7 different types of veterinary specialists.

1. Anesthesiology

Anesthesia is used during surgery and in the process of some diagnostic testing methods. Anesthesia is commonly used in animals for certain diagnostic procedures.

An anesthesiologist is responsible for administering the anesthesia and monitoring its effects on the animal while they are under its effects. They are also trained to handle cases of allergic reaction and treatment of life-threatening situations related to anesthesia.

2. Dentistry

Because dental care is vital to overall general health maintenance, there are veterinary specialists who specialize only in the care of animal dentistry. Examining an animal's teeth can sometimes be difficult, and it's best to have a trained dental specialist on hand. A dental professional is one who can detect problems of the mouth related to overall health, and treat those problems accordingly.

3. Emergency Care

Emergency care specialists are trained to handle any type of medical condition which is brought to them on an emergency basis. They can handle trauma, stroke, heart attack, injury and other emergency related conditions. These are specialists who are trained to react quickly to your pet's needs and diagnose the situation in record time, so that treatment or life-saving measures can be taken immediately.

4. Equine

Equine specialists are those who specifically handle the care, treatment and maintenance of horses. The equine world consists of a different physical anatomy than that of other animals, and therefore needs to be treated by a specialist of this nature.

Horses also have a different and more complex frame of mind than that of most other domestic animals. Horses are animals that live primarily outdoors and can greatly benefit from the help of a trained specialist who understands them.

5. Nutrition

Nutritional specialists can be helpful in developing the healthiest and most appropriate diet for your pet. Because some pets suffer from obesity related conditions, a nutritional specialist can make sure that your pet gets back on track to weight controlled health. Nutritional specialists are also used when certain medical conditions demand a change in diet, like diabetes. These specialists can be helpful in setting out a strict low-sugar diet that will help your pet to control their diabetic condition.

6. Pharmacology

Pharmacologists are responsible for monitoring and suggesting the appropriate medication for each medical condition. They can help you to understand how each medication should be administered to your pet, how regularly and what type of side effects to watch for.

7. Surgery

These are veterinary professionals who only specialize in and complete surgical procedures. They are trained to be efficient and effective at a wide variety of different surgical procedures, as well as at maintaining the health of the animal during the procedure.

Because surgery can be a stressful, and sometimes dangerous situation an animal, it can be helpful to know that your pet is in the hands of a trained surgical veterinary specialist.