Diet for Colitis in Dogs

Colitis in dogs is a condition that can be caused by internal infections or parasites, and will manifest through the inflammation of the colon. The condition will cause a lot of pain, mucus and blood in the dog's stool. The dog will require treatment, which will largely consist of a special diet.

Increased Amounts of Fiber

Fibers are beneficial for the digestion process and can be helpful for dogs with colitis. The inflammation of the colon may be caused by chronic diarrhea or constipation, and fibers can put an end to these conditions. Fiber supplements can be administered together with the dog's food, or the dog may receive a few of these ingredients that are rich in fibers:

  • Canned pumpkin (but with no added sugar or sweeteners, which can irritate the intestines)
  • Green vegetables given raw (such as broccoli, celery or green peppers)
  • Fruits
  • Seeds
  • Whole wheat products

Reduce Fats

A diet that is high in fat contents can be the leading cause for colitis, diarrhea or constipation. While treating your dog for colitis, make sure the diet is low in fats. Buy food that has a maximum of 10% fat.

Liquid Diet

A liquid diet may be more recommended for dogs with colitis. The liquid diet is easier to digest and is less likely to irritate the digestive tract or the colon. Even after the dog is treated, you may decide to continue feeding him a wet diet, which can prevent the recurrence of colitis. Your vet may recommend alternating wet food with kibble food, so that your dog gets the benefits of dry food as well, but will also have a normal digestion.

Homemade Food

Commercial foods contain a lot of artificial flavors and preservatives, which can be detrimental for the dog's intestinal health and may lead to colitis. You can prepare a few meals at home while your dog is recovering from colitis, as you can control the foods the dog gets and can also make sure your dog gets no carbohydrates, artificial ingredients or excessive fat.  A diet for dogs with colitis that will not cause additional irritation may contain rice, peas, carrots and lean meat (i.e., chicken or turkey). Avoid ingredients such as corn, dairy products or pork.

No Treats and No Free Feeding

While the dog is recovering, you should leave the commercial treats aside. Opt for vegetable treats such as carrots or peppers. You can also prepare some dry treats using marinated meats and vegetables.

Make sure your dog only eats when you feed him and that he doesn't ingest non-food items that can cause additional irritation in the intestinal tract.

An unsuitable diet can make the inflammation of the colon worse and the dog can be in a lot of pain. Talk to your vet and establish a diet that will agree with your dog's system.