New Allergy Treatment Options for Dogs

There are a few new allergy treatment options that you should consider if your dog suffers from periodic allergic reactions. Although canines are not as sensitive as felines they do suffer from allergies like atopy, food allergies and contact allergies. Since each pet responds differently to medication, the only way to find out if the pet reacts favorably to any new medication is to administer it.

Common Treatment Options for Canine Allergies

Antihistamines for Dog Allergies

Although antihistamines were formerly used exclusively in humans, they have become increasingly popular for use in pets suffering from allergies. The most common antihistamines administered to dogs include Hydroxyzine, Diphenhydramine and Chlorpheniramine. Most of these medicines contain H1 blockers that are known to regulate histamine levels in the dog’s body.

Since each pet reacts differently to antihistamines, dogs should be monitored if they’re taking any antihistamine drugs. Some of the common side effects that are observed in pets include constipation, drowsiness and dry mouth.

Corticosteroids to Treat Dog Allergy

Corticosteroids are highly effective when they’re administered correctly. Conversely, overuse or misuse of these drugs can cause several long term side effects. Although they effectively treat symptoms of itching and inflammation, they should be administered with caution. Most vets prescribe corticosteroid drugs when all other treatment options fail to cure the allergic reaction.

Corticosteroids are available in both oral and injection form. If the pet develops adverse side effects after receiving corticosteroid injections, the symptoms cannot be immediately reversed. Oral tablets are therefore a safer option.

Hypoallergenic Shampoos

There are several commercially available hypoallergenic shampoos that bring relief from the symptoms of allergic reactions. While these shampoos are safe for use in all pets, it’s important to conduct a vet check to find out if the real cause of the skin reaction is associated with an allergy.

Look for shampoos that contain oatmeal or aloe vera as they’re known to soften and soothe irritated skin.


Over the years several pet owners have been using immunotherapy to deal with dogs suffering from chronic allergic reactions. Immunotherapy involves the administration of a series of injections to desensitize the pet’s body to certain allergens. This therapy works effectively if the cause of the allergic reaction is known.

Although immunotherapy is not a permanent cure, it does help control allergic reactions in dogs that suffer from allergies throughout the year. Pets that have received immunotherapy shots need to be monitored for any signs of severe reactions like facial hives, swellings or inflammation.

Fatty Acids

Omega 3 fatty acids that are obtained from fish are known to improve the dog’s skin and coat. While omega 3 fatty acids help pets suffering from allergies, Omega 6 fatty acids often trigger additional reactions in pets. It is therefore necessary to make sure that you only administer Omega 3 fatty acids to your dog.

If these fatty acid supplements are given in combination with steroids or antihistamines, they provide prompt relief from allergic reactions. However, the dog needs to take these supplements for at least 4 weeks in order to benefit from them.

Since there are several treatment options that address allergies in pets, pet owners should take advantage of these remedies to help increase their pet’s quality of life.