Pomeranian Dog Health Issues

If you’ve acquired a Pomeranian dog, you need to be well aware of some of the health conditions that could develop in this breed. Although these pets may be genetically predisposed to certain conditions, it doesn’t mean that they will necessarily develop the diseases. However, as a precautionary measure, it’s always best to know what health issues are commonly seen in Pomeranians.

Health Issues in Pomeranians

Health issues for Pomeranians include:

Cataracts in Pomeranians

Like most other breeds, Pomeranians are likely to develop cataracts as they grow older. As a pet owner, you need to monitor your dog and notice any changes such as tinting of the eye color or redness and swelling around the eyes. These are strong indicators of cataracts in pets. If the cataract isn’t treated in time it can progress to an advanced stage and your pet could end up blind. Most cataracts are surgically treated and pets can see well, once the surgery is over.

Breathing Problems

Pomeranians aren’t rough and tough pets. If you put on a collar that’s too tight for your pet, he will suffer from breathing problems. However the main cause of breathing problems in Pomeranians is due to a condition known as collapsed trachea. This develops due to damage to the trachea and this damage generally occurs when the leash prevents your pet from jumping forward. You should thus substitute this leash for a safer option like a harness.

Luxating Patella

This is a common condition that affects the knees in small breed dogs. Luxating Patella is the clinical name given to the condition that affects the dog’s kneecap. Pets show symptoms of this condition when the kneecap moves out of its regular place. Luxating Patella will have to be treated with surgical intervention.


Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar is often seen in young pets. This condition develops when the pet’s blood sugar suddenly drops to dangerous levels. It is a cause of concern and you need to watch for the symptoms of hypoglycemia in order to seek prompt medical help. Pets suffering from hypoglycemia show signs of muscle twitching, trembling, loss of appetite and listlessness.


Some pets may experience seizures if the underlying problem is related to hypoglycemia while others may be genetically predisposed to the condition. Most Pomeranians that suffer from seizures require medication for life. Pet owners also have to learn how to cope with pets that are prone to seizures.


This condition develops due to a malfunctioning thyroid gland. It’s advisable to find out if your pet’s parents had any thyroid problem from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals, since hypothyroidism is largely genetic in nature. With proper diet and medication, hypothyroidism can be controlled in your pet.

Although these are some of the most common diseases or conditions seen in Pomeranians, your pet could develop other illnesses by contracting them from other pets. You should thus make sure that you get your dog vaccinated on time and conduct routine vet checks to assess his overall health.