Symptoms of Eczema in Dogs

Eczema in dogs causes symptoms of discomfort and though not fatal, the symptoms can impede your dogs happiness and comfort. Wile there can be many causes for eczema, the most common is allergens or environmental toxins. Also consider underlying conditions and potential medication side effects.

Symptoms of Eczema in Dogs

The symptoms of eczema in dogs is similar to that of other skin conditions. Look for:

  • Dry, red scalp
  • Flakes 
  • Itching
  • General discomfort

If you notice any of these symptoms check for fleas or other pests. If your dog is on medication, check the medication for side effects similar to those symptoms your dog is experiencing. If your worried about your dogs level of discomfort, medication reactions or other circumstances, contact your vet immediately for advice. You can also try at-home treatment for eczema.

Potential Causes of Dog Eczema

The causes of eczema can include environment, diet, medications, fleas and other conditions. Check your house and surrounding environment for toxins, irritants or allergens your dog may have come into contact with. Remember, dogs are just as susceptible to seasonal allergies as people. If you take your dog to the park notice if they start exhibiting the symptoms of eczema. 

If your dog is currently on medication or otherwise being treated for a medical condition, consult with your vet to find out if the eczema could be a side effect of the current treatment. 

Because eczema can be caused by allergic reactions consider your dogs diet. If you've always fed them the same food, it's not likely to be a problem with their food. If you've started feeding them a new food, considering switching back then compare the ingredients. Speak with your vet about the reason you switched their food and find out if there is a way to meet that need and avoid the allergen.

Treatments to Consider for Dog Eczema

Treatment can include a variety of things depending on the cause of the eczema. If your dog has fleas, you need to first remove all the fleas.

For all eczema start a new skin conditioning routine:

  • You should bathe your dog no more than once a week and use warm (not hot) warm.
  • Always use a mild, unscented shampoo.
  • Consider a leave-in conditioner to add oil to their scalp.
  • If you don't want to use a leave-in conditioner, find a thick conditioner and leave for 2 to 3 minutes before rinsing. 

Your vet can also recommend lotions or other topical treatments to help heal severe patches or cracked skin. Dry skin can crack and bleed causing pain and the potential for an infection. If the eczema is not getting better after 5 to 7 days of treatment, contact your vet for additional ideas and to investigate the cause of your dogs condition.

If you think your dog has eczema, take him to your vet for treatment options and to rule out other conditions dry skin may be a symptom for. With regular treatment and a possible change in some lifestyle elements your dog can be happy and comfortable.