Recommended Supplements for Dogs

Dog supplements are many times already found in the commercial food a canine eats. However, a dog may require supplements if his food is of poor quality, he is training for a particular activity or nursing an injury or ailment. The following are a few supplements recommended by dog experts.

Supplements for Joint Health

Glucosamine is a popular supplement for dogs with joint problems. Young dogs can usually produce enough glucosamine rapidly to repair any wear and tear on a joint. Older dogs, however, might not produce enough to patch up worn cartilage. This supplement can help lubricate joints, rebuild torn cartilage and provide extra support for optimal joint health. Glucosamine is a very safe supplement with virtually no side effects.


Vitamins are important for the proper absorption of carbohydrates and fats in a dog’s body. They are also responsible for chemical enzyme reactions and the health of a dog’s bones, skin and hair. There are two types of vitamins: water soluble and fat soluble.

Water soluble vitamins include the B vitamins and Vitamin C. Water soluble vitamins are not stored in a dog’s body, as they are flushed out in the urine. These vitamins turn food into energy and can help a dog feel less stressed out.

Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat soluble vitamins, which are stored in fatty tissues. They're important for the health of the eyes and bones. They help form cells and maintain the circulatory system. Supplements of Vitamin E can help repair of a dog’s tissues, maintains the reproductive system and helps strengthen immunity. Vitamin A can help dogs with eye problems. Vitamin D works with calcium and helps ensure the strength of a dog’s bones.


As inorganic compounds, minerals do not produce any energy for animals, yet are essential to a dog’s bones, teeth, cartilage, metabolism and balance of fluids.

Some of the more well-known supplements essential to a dog’s health are calcium and phosphorous, which aid in the strength and formation of bones. They also help ensure the health of a dog’s nerves, the function of fluids in the body and blood coagulation. Magnesium aids calcium and is found in bones and softer tissues. It helps maintain a healthy heart and assists in ensuring proper muscle, enzyme and nerve tissue functions in a dog. 

Iodine is a common supplement for canines with thyroid disorders. This mineral regulates the metabolic functions within a dog and can dictate how energy is used. Iodine is often supplemented if a dog’s body does not produce enough on its own.

Fatty Acids

Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids can help a dog that is a growing pup or any dog that has inflammation problems. A dog can experience inflammation due to arthritis, allergies, gastrointestinal problems and even the kidneys. Linoleic acid is a fatty acid typically used as a supplement for dogs.

Supplements can benefit a dog tremendously and are easy to find, as they're already included in high-quality foods. You should always consult a veterinarian if you believe your dog needs an extra boost in nutrients.