How to stop canine seizures in clusters?

We adopted a lab mix when he was 12wks old. The day after we got him he started having seizures. The seizures average every 2 wks and they are always cluster seizures largely all of which are grand mal. He has had as many as 12 in a 24hr period. We've had bile acid tests done & blood work. Our vet has suggested a CTscan, but we just cant afford that. He is currently on phenobarbetol but he has still had seizures.Some vets have suggested he may have brain damage given his age and # of seizures.

  • Vetinfo

    By: Julie Ann El Segundo, CA

    Replied on 04/19/2011

    The canine seizure history you are describing is very concerning. Seizures starting as a puppy other than from low blood sugar always worry us. A CT scan would definitely be the best course of action, but I understand that money does not grow on trees. It is very important to stop the seizures or at the least decrease the frequency and severity as much as possible. Phenobarbital is the most common drug used for seizures. There are several other medications that can be used, usually in addition to the phenobarbital if seizures are still occurring. Potassium bromide is the most common. The combination of phenobarbital and potassium bromide will control seizures for a significant percentage of patients. While epilepsy is probably the most common cause of seizures, previous head trauma can cause brain damage that can cause seizures. In very rare cases, congenital brain tumors can occur in puppies. I would recommend discussing a change in your puppy's medication with your veterinarian. You may also want to consider a consultation with a board certified veterinary neurologist. Even if a CT scan is not financially possible, a complete neurological exam and discussion of medication options could be accomplished during an office call with a neurologist. It probably would cost around $100. If you can afford that, it would be money well spent. Bring a copy of your puppy's medical record and all previous blood work to the exam for the neurologist to review. It will give the doctor the most information and save you the expense of repeating tests that have already been performed.

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